by Andrei Y. Khrennikov

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999)

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defined as elements of Grassmann algebra (an algebra with anticom­ muting generators). The derivatives of these elements with respect to anticommuting generators were defined according to algebraic laws, and nothing like Newton's analysis arose when Martin's approach was used. Later, during the next twenty years, the algebraic apparatus de­ veloped by Martin was used in all mathematical works. We must point out here the considerable contribution made by F. A. Berezin, G 1. Kac, D. A. Leites, B. Kostant. In their works, they constructed a new division of mathematics which can naturally be called an algebraic superanalysis. Following the example of physicists, researchers called the investigations carried out with the use of commuting and anticom­ muting coordinates supermathematics; all mathematical objects that appeared in supermathematics were called superobjects, although, of course, there is nothing "super" in supermathematics. However, despite the great achievements in algebraic superanaly­ sis, this formalism could not be regarded as a generalization to the case of commuting and anticommuting variables from the ordinary Newton analysis. What is more, Schwinger's formalism was still used in practically all physical works, on an intuitive level, and physicists regarded functions of anticommuting variables as "real functions" == maps of sets and not as elements of Grassmann algebras. In 1974, Salam and Strathdee proposed a very apt name for a set of super­ points. They called this set a superspace.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401059480
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 10/11/2012
Series: Mathematics and Its Applications , #470
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999
Pages: 357
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction. I: Analysis on a Superspace over Banach Superalgebras. 1. Differential Calculus. 2. Cauchy-Riemann Conditions and the Condition of A-Linearity of Derivatives. 3. Integral Calculus. 4. Integration of Differential Forms of Commuting Variables. 5. Review of the Development of Superanalysis. 6. Unsolved Problems and Possible Generalizations. II: Generalized Functions on a Superspace. 1. Locally Convex Superalgebras and Supermodules. 2. Analytic Generalized Functions on the Vladimirov-Volovich Superspace. 3. Fourier Transformation of Superanalytic Generalized Functions. 4. Superanalog of the Theory of Schwartz Distributions. 5. Theorem of Existence of a Fundamental Solution. 6. Unsolved Problems and Possible Generalizations. III. Distribution Theory on an Infinite-Dimensional Superspace. 1. Polylinear Algebra over Commutative Supermodules. 2. Banach Supermodules. 3. Hilbert Supermodules. 4. Duality of Topological Supermodules. 5. Differential Calculus on a Superspace over Topological Supermodules. 6. Analytic Distributions on a Superspace over Topological Supermodules. 7. Gaussian and Feynman Distributions. 8. Unsolved Problems and Possible Generalizations. IV: Pseudodifferential Operators in Superanalysis. 1. Pseudodifferential Operators Calculus. 2. The Correspondence Principle. 3. The Feynman-Kac Formula for the Symbol of the Evolution Operator. 4. Unsolved Problems and Possible Generalizations. V: Fundamentals of the Probability Theory on a Superspace. 1. Limit Theorems on a Superspace. 2. Random Processes on a Superspace. 3. Axiomatics of the Probability Theory over Superalgebras. 4. Unsolved Problems and Possible Generalizations. VI: Non-Archimedean Superanalysis. 1. Differentiable and Analytic Functions. 2. Generalized Functions. 3. Laplace Transformation. 4. Gaussian Distributions. 5. Duhamel non-Archimedean Integral. Chronological Exponent. 6. Cauchy Problem for Partial Differential Equations with Variable Coefficients. 7. Non-Archimedean Supersymmetrical Quantum Mechanics. 8. Trotter Formula for non-Archimedean Banach Algebras. 9. Volkenborn Distribution on a non-Archimedean Superspace. 10. Infinite-Dimensional non-Archimedean Superanalysis. 11. Unsolved Problems and Possible Generalizations. VII: Noncommutative Analysis. 1. Differential Calculus on a Superspace over a Noncommutative Banach Algebra. 2. Differential Calculus on Noncommutative Banach Algebras and Modules. 3. Generalized Functions of Noncommuting Variables. VIII: Applications in Physics. 1. Quantization in Hilbert Supermodules. 2. Transition Amplitudes and Distributions on the Space of Schwinger Sources. References. Index.

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