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This book examines the right to education for migrant children in Europe between 1949 and 1992. Using West Germany as a case study to explore European trends, the book analyzes how the Council of Europe and European Community’s ideological goals were implemented for specific national groups. The book starts with education for displaced persons and exiles in the 1950s, then compares schooling for Italian, Greek, and Turkish labor migrants, then circles back to asylum seekers and returning ethnic Germans. For each group, the state entries involved tried to balance equal education opportunities with the right to personhood, an effort which became particularly convoluted due to implicit biases. When the European Union was founded in 1993, children’s access to education depended on a complicated mix of legal status and perception of cultural compatibility. Despite claims that all children should have equal opportunities, children’s access was limited by citizenship and ethnic identity.
About the Author
Brittany Lehman is Visiting Assistant Professor at the College of Charleston, USA. She is a migration historian focused on Europe and the Middle East. Her current research project focuses on the Federal Republic of Germany’s involvement in decolonization in North Africa and the Middle East as well as the development of humanitarian organizations like Germany Amnesty International.
Table of ContentsChapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2. Establishing the Right to Education for Children of Refugees (1949–1955)
Chapter 3: Defining the Right to Education for European Citizens (1955–1966)
Chapter 4: Teaching National Identity to “Guest Worker Children” (1962–1971)
Chapter 5: Equal Opportunities for West German Foreign Residents (1968–1977)
Chapter 6: More of a Right to Education for German Citizens (1976–1985)
Chapter 7: The Right to Education for Asylum Seekers and Ethnic Germans (1985–1992)
Chapter 8: Conclusion.