The China Reader: Rising Power

The China Reader: Rising Power

by David Shambaugh (Editor)

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Overview

The rise of China is the most significant development in world affairs in this generation. No nation in history has risen as quickly or modernized as rapidly as has China over the four decades. This sixth edition of The China Reader chronicles the diverse aspects of this transition since the late-1990s. It is comprehensive in scope and draws upon both primary Chinese sources and secondary Western analyses written by the world's leading experts on contemporary China. Perfectly suited as both a textbook for students as well as for specialists and the public alike, the volume covers the full range of China's internal and external developments.

During the past three decades China dramatically modernized its economy and taken a position as one of the two major powers in the world. Its mega-economy has skyrocketed to being the second largest in the world, and will soon surpass the United States on aggregate. The physical transformation of the country has been extraordinary to witness, with infrastructure development unparalleled in human history. Modern cities featuring futuristic architecture have literally risen from farmland across the country.

As China has developed domestically, it has also taken its place as a major power on the world stage. Whether in its relations with other powers-the United States, Russia, and European Union-with its neighbors in Asia or other countries across the world, China is now a major factor in international relations. Its businesses are "going global" and its people are establishing their footprint from Antarctica to outer space.

For all its newfound prowess, China's rise has not been a smooth process. Domestically, the nation's juggernaut economy has produced numerous negative social and environmental side-effects. Its political system remains anachronistic and authoritarian, with substantial repression. Externally, Beijing's rapid military modernization and regional territorial claims have alarmed China's neighbors. Its relationship with the United States is complex and increasingly strained. And its "soft power" remains limited.

Still, the rise of China is the story of the current era. The China Reader is a perfect window into the complexities of this historic process.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199397082
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 04/26/2016
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 568
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.50(d)

About the Author

David Shambaugh is an internationally recognized authority and author on contemporary China, US-China relations, and the international relations of Asia. He is presently Professor of Political Science & International Affairs and Director of the China Policy Program in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. He is also a Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at The Brookings Institution.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION
David Shambaugh, The Complexities of a Rising China

RISING CHINA
Editorial Introduction
I. Viewing China's Rise-Alternative Perspectives

Martin Jacques, The Eight Differences That Define China
Zheng Bijian, China's "Peaceful Rise" to Great Power Status
John Mearsheimer, China's Unpeaceful Rise
David Shambaugh, The Illusion of Chinese Power

POLITICS
Editorial Introduction
I. Elite Politics
Joseph Fewsmith, Elite Politics: The Struggle for Normality
II. Dissent
Anonymous, Charter '08
Xu Zhiyong, For Freedom, Justice, and Love: My Closing Statement to the Court
III. Ideology
Hu Jintao, Achieving New Victory for Socialism with Chinese Characteristics
The Economist, Ideology in China: Confucius Makes a Comeback-You Can't Keep a Good Sage Down
General Office of the Central Committee, Document No. 9 (2013)
IV. The Future of the CCP
Hu Jintao, Firmly March on the Path of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Strive to Complete the Building of a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects: Making Party Building More Scientific in All Respects
Xi Jinping, Speech on the 65th Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Congress
Minxin Pei, Is CCP Rule Fragile or Resilient?
Bruce Dickson, No "Jasmine" for China
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Editorial Introduction
I. Building an Economic Superpower
CIA, China: Economy-Overview
Barry Naughton, Economic Growth: From High-Speed to High-Quality
Hu Jintao, Accelerating the Improvement of the Socialist Market Economy and the Change of the Growth Model
II. State Capacity & Governance
Minxin Pei, China's Governance Crisis
III. Going Global
Justin Yifu Lin, China and the Global Economy
David Shambaugh, Are China's Corporations Really Multinational?
RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT
Editorial Introduction
I. Environment and Climate Change
Beina Xu, China's Environmental Crisis
Information Office of the State Council, China's Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change
II. Energy Challenges
Damian Ma, China's Search for a New Energy Strategy
SOCIETY
Editorial Introduction
I. Rich and Poor
Martin King Whyte, China's Post-Socialist Inequality
II. Demography and Gender
Wang Feng, China's Population Destiny: The Looming Crisis
Information Office of the State Council, Figures & Facts: Gender Equality and Women's Development in China
III. Nationalism & Identity
Jean-Pierre Cabestan, The Many Facets of Chinese Nationalism
IV. Religion
Richard Madsen, The Upsurge of Religion in China
V. Youth
Evan Osnos, Angry Youth
VI. Urban and Rural
Lianjiang Li, Driven to Protest: China's Rural Unrest
The Economist, Building the (China) Dream
VII. Ethnic Tensions
Yan Sun, The Roots of China's Ethnic Conflicts

LAW, RIGHTS, & CIVIL SOCIETY
Editorial Introduction
I. Progress and Limits in the Rule of Law
Jamie Horsely, The Rule of Law: Pushing the Limits of Party Rule
II. Corruption and Crime
Minxin Pei, Fighting Corruption: A Difficult Challenge for Chinese Leaders
The Economist, Murder Mysteries
III. Human Rights
Human Rights Watch, World Report 2014: China
IV. Civil Society
The Economist, Beneath the Glacier: Civil Society in China
Elizabeth Perry, Citizen Contention and Campus Calm: The Paradox of Chinese Civil Society

MEDIA, CULTURE, AND THE ARTS
Editorial Introduction
I. The Mainstream Media
Rachel Murphy, Civil Society and Media in China
Beina Xu, Media Censorship in China
II. The Internet and Social Media
The Economist, A Giant Cage: China's Internet
III. The Intelligentsia
Merle Goldman, China's Beleaguered Intellectuals
IV. Soft Power
Hu Jintao, Developing a Strong Socialist Culture in China
Joseph Nye, China's Soft Power Deficit

THE MILITARY AND SECURITY
Editorial Introduction
I. China's Security Calculus
Xi Jinping, Work Together to Maintain World Peace and Security
II. Modernizing the Military
Richard Bitzinger, Modernizing China's Military, 1997-2012
III. The Internal Security State
Murray Scot Tanner, China Rethinks Unrest
The Economist, China's Security State: The Truncheon Budget
IV. Global Security
David Shambaugh, China's Roles in Global Security

FOREIGN RELATIONS
Editorial Introduction
I. China Views the World
Wang Jisi, China's Search for a Grand Strategy: A Rising Great Power Finds its Way
David Shambaugh, Coping with a Conflicted China
II. The Asian Neighborhood
Philip Saunders, China's Role in Asia: Attractive or Assertive?
Zhang Jiuhuan, Fruitful Results and Broad Prospects: A Review of Twenty Years of China-ASEAN Relations
Valerie Niquet, China and Central Asia
III. The United States and China
Kenneth Lieberthal, The China-US Relationship Goes Global
Wu Xinbo, Agenda for a New Great Power Relationship
IV. Russia and Europe
Andrew Kuchins, Russia and China: The Ambivalent Embrace
Odd Arne Westad, China and Europe: Opportunities or Dangers?
V. The Global South
Peter Ferdinand, China and the Developing World
Joshua Eisenman and Joshua Kurlantzick, China's Africa Strategy
David Shambaugh, Assessing China's Impact in Latin America
Yun Sun, The BRICS and China's Aspiration for the New International Order
VI. Global Governance
Robert Zoellick, Whither China: From Membership to Responsibility?
Michael Fullilove, China and the United Nations: The Stakeholder Spectrum

"GREATER" CHINA
Editorial Introduction
I. Hong Kong and Taiwan
Hu Jintao, Enriching the Practice of "One Country, Two Systems" and Advancing China's Reunification
The Economist, Political City
Richard Bush, China and Taiwan

CHINA FACES THE FUTURE
Editorial Introduction: Whither China?
I. Muddle Through, Adaptation, or the End of Dynasty?
Wang Yi, Peaceful Development and the Chinese Dream of National Rejuvenation
Andrew G. Walder, Unruly Stability: Why China's Regime Has Staying Power
Orville Schell and John Delury, A Rising China Needs a New National Story
Andrew Nathan, China at the Tipping Point? Seeing the Unforeseeable

ABOUT THE EDITOR

ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS

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