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Few technologies have had as profound an impact upon the urban environment as the railway. Allowing the rapid and inexpensive transportation of people, goods and ideas, by the end of the nineteenth century the rail networks had a dramatic influence upon the shape size and architecture of virtually every city and large town in Europe and beyond. In order to further understanding of the complex and dynamic inter-relationship between city and rail, this volume provides a selection of essays that address a variety of themes from a broad international perspective.
Building upon scholarly concepts explored in a previous volume, ’The City and the Railway in Europe’ (Routledge, 2003), this new collection expands the geographical focus by including essays that look at examples not only in Europe but also from India, Nigeria, the USA, Mexico, Chile and Japan. This allows many questions raised in the original volume to be positioned and tested within a much larger framework, one that is not limited to the particular social, cultural, economic and geographical considerations of western Europe.
About the Author
Ralf Roth is Professor of Modern History at the Department of History at the Goethe-University in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. His numerous articles are focused on the social and cultural history of cities and communication networks. He wrote among others Das Jahrhundert der Eisenbahn. Die Herrschaft über Raum und Zeit 1800 – 1914 (2005), Städte im europäischen Raum. Verkehr, Kommunikation und Urbanität im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (2009), together with Karl Schlögel, Neue Wege in ein neues Europa. Geschichte und Verkehr im 20. Jahrhundert (2009), and a special issue of the Zeitschrift für Weltgeschichte on the topic Weltverkehr und Weltgeschichte (Autumn, 2011). He has recently published books together with Henry Jacolin on Eastern Eureopean Railways in Transition (2013) and together with Colin Divall on From Rail to Road and Back Again? A Century of Transport Competition and Interdependency (2015). At the moment he and Henry Jacolin are editing a volume about transport routes between Europe and Asia entitled From Baghdad Railway to the New Silk Road (19th to 21st Centuries) – Utopian Dreams, Past Achievements, and Future Prospects (forthcoming). He is editor of two journals on urban and world history and series editor about new approaches to a global railway history.
Paul Van Heesvelde worked for the Flemish transport minister; he is historian and PhD student at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB). His publications include Destination le Front. Les chemins de fer en Belgique pendant la Grande Guerre (2014). He published articles in Revue d’Histoire des Chemins de fer and in Ferrum. He is currently working on a new book on railway station buffets and is finishing his PhD on Railways, Logistics and Warfare in Belgium from 1830 to 1918.
Table of Contents
Part One: Cities in a Wider Context of National and Continental Networks of Railway Lines 1. Inventing the future (Paul van Heesvelde) 2. Brussel's Jonction (Micheline Nilsen) 3. It Began 175 Years Ago (Ralf Roth) 4. Railroads and the Urban Trans-Chicago West (Roger Grant) 5. Bombay and its Hinterlands (Ian Johnstone Kerr) 6. The Railway Station (Oliver Mitchell) Part Two: Urban Rails and How They Effect the City 7. Can we find Historical Evidence (John Dodgson) 8. Railways in Cities - Making and Cutting of Gordian knots (Martin Kvizda) 9. From viaducts to Vandalism (Alex Werner) 10. A comparative study of the Impact of Railway (Shehu Yusuf Tijjani) 11. The B&O Railroad and the Changing Use of streets (David H. Schley) 12. The experience and image of American Elevated Railways (Gordon Benedict Hansen) 13. Putting a station in its place (Albert Churella) 14. Capital politics through railways (Octavian O. Silvestru) 15. Save Haydarpasa (Malte Fuhrmann) 16. Rescue and Conservation of the Railway Station (Mónica Solórzano) 17. Industrial Architecture Heritage (Marcela Pizzi and María Paz Valenzuela) Part Three: Railways in the Landscape of Large Metropolises and For the Integration of the Periphery 18. Along the Rail Track (Roberto Zancan) 19. The Birth of a Commuter Society (Donald Weber) 20. Light Rail Renaissance in European Cities (Massimo Moraglio) 21. The German Railways (Christopher M. Kopper) 22. Tracks Laid in Muddy Streets: Chicago's Perilous Transition from Frontier Town to Industrial City (Ted R. Mitchell) 23. Private Railways as Urban (Oliver Mayer and Anthony Robins) 24. Development of Private Railway Companies (Shuichi Takashima) 25. A History of Railroad Networks in Tama, West-Tokyo (Nobuhiro Yanagihara) 26. Urban Mega Projects and Civic Conflict (Chigurupati Ramachandraiah) 27. A Symbolic Relationship (Anupama Mann)