But as the philosophical movement called the Enlightenment swept through Europe, and revolutions toppled oppressive monarchies in America and France, the people of Mexico began to think of driving out the Spanish and establishing their own country as a very real possibility.
It was a priest from a distant and tiny parish named Father Manuel Hidalgo who started Mexico's War of Independence, leading an ever-growing army of Mexican people against the massive force of the Spanish army. It was Jose Maria Morelos, another priest and a onetime student of Hidalgo, who took up the reins of the revolution when Hidalgo could no longer lead the people.
The Spanish were not about to give up their prized colony without a fight though, and they retaliated against the revolutionaries with brutal viciousness. Before long, all of Mexico was wrapped in a war that would decide the future of two nations.
Table of ContentsThe Cry of Dolores 11
New Spain 14
The Englightenment 31
The Battle of the Banners 52
Guerilla Warfare 66
The Dream and the Defeat 87
The Collapse of the Spanish Empire 95
Iturbide and Final Independence 103
Viva Mexico! 113
Web sites 142