The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics

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Overview

Eugenic thought and practice swept the world from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century in a remarkable transnational phenomenon. Eugenics informed social and scientific policy across the political spectrum, from liberal welfare measures in emerging social-democratic states to feminist ambitions for birth control, from public health campaigns to totalitarian dreams of the "perfectibility of man." This book dispels for uninitiated readers the automatic and apparently exclusive link between eugenics and the Holocaust. It is the first world history of eugenics and an indispensable core text for both teaching and research. Eugenics has accumulated generations of interest as experts attempted to connect biology, human capacity, and policy. In the past and the present, eugenics speaks to questions of race, class, gender and sex, evolution, governance, nationalism, disability, and the social implications of science. In the current climate, in which the human genome project, stem cell research, and new reproductive technologies have proven so controversial, the history of eugenics has much to teach us about the relationship between scientific research, technology, and human ethical decision-making.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199945054
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 10/01/2012
Series: Oxford Handbooks
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 608
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.60(d)

About the Author

Alison Bashford is Professor of Modern History at the University of Sydney. She has published widely on the modern history of science and medicine, including Purity and Pollution and Imperial Hygiene, and has co-edited Contagion, Isolation, and Medicine at the Border.

Philippa Levine is the Mary Helen Thompson Centennial Professor in the Humanities at the University of Texas at Austin. Her books include Prostitution, Race and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire, and The British Empire, Sunrise to Sunset.

Table of Contents

Contributors
Abbreviations

Introduction
Eugenics and the modern world
Philippa Levine and Alison Bashford

Part One: Transnational themes in the history of eugenics

1. The Darwinian context: Evolution and inheritance
Diane B. Paul and James Moore

2. Anthropology, colonialism, and eugenics
Philippa Levine

3. Race, science, and eugenics in the twentieth century
Marius Turda

4. Eugenics and the science of genetics
Nils Roll-Hansen

5. Fertility control: Eugenics, neo-Malthusianism, and feminism
Susanne Klausen and Alison Bashford

6. Disability, psychiatry, and eugenics
Mathew Thomson

7. Eugenics and the state: Policy-making in comparative perspective
V ronique Mottier

8. Internationalism, cosmopolitanism, and eugenics
Alison Bashford
9. Gender and sexuality: A global tour and compass
Alexandra Minna Stern

10. Eugenics and genocide
A. Dirk Moses and Dan Stone

Part Two: National/colonial formations

11. Eugenics in Britain: The view from the metropole
Lucy Bland and Lesley Hall

12. South Asia's eugenic past
Sarah Hodges

13. Eugenics in Australia and New Zealand: Laboratories of racial science
Stephen Garton

14. Eugenics in China and Hong Kong: Nationalism and colonialism, 1890s-1940s
Yuehtsen Juliette Chung

15. Eugenics in South Africa: Paradoxes in the place of race?
Saul Dubow

16. Eugenics in colonial Kenya
Chloe Campbell

17. Eugenics in post-colonial Southeast Asia
Sunil S. Amrith

18. German eugenics and the wider world: Beyond the racial state
Paul Weindling

19. Eugenics in France and the colonies
Richard S. Fogarty and Michael A. Osborne

20. Eugenics in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies
Hans Pols

21. The Scandinavian states: Reformed eugenics applied
Mattias Tyd n

22. The first-wave eugenic revolution in southern Europe: Science sans fronti res
Maria Sophia Quine

23. Eugenics in eastern Europe, 1870s-1945
Maria Bucur

24. Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union
Nikolai Krementsov

25. Eugenics in Japan: Sanguinous repair
Jennifer Robertson

26. Eugenics in interwar Iran
Cyrus Schayegh

27. Eugenics and the Jews
Raphael Falk

28. Eugenics policy and practice in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Mexico
Patience A. Schell

29. The path of eugenics in Brazil: Dilemmas of miscegenation
Gilberto Hochman, N sia Trindade Lima, and Marcos Chor Maio

30. Eugenics in the United States
Wendy Kline

31. Eugenics in Canada: A chequered history, 1850s - 1990s
Carolyn Strange and Jennifer A. Stephen

Epilogue: Where did eugenics go?
Alison Bashford

Chronology
Index

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