ISBN-10:
1577662024
ISBN-13:
9781577662020
Pub. Date:
12/01/2002
Publisher:
Waveland Press, Inc.
The Prison Experience: Special Issues of Women in Prison / Edition 1

The Prison Experience: Special Issues of Women in Prison / Edition 1

by Merry Morash, Pamela J. SchramMerry Morash
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Overview

There are more women in America's prisons than ever before in history, counted both proportionally and in terms of absolute numbers. Morash (Michigan State U.) and Schram (California State U.) highlight issues salient to their existences, emphasizing the operations of issues of gender, race, ethnicity, and social class. They lay claim to a women-centered perspective, describing the reasons for the influx of women into prison, the way judges decide to send women to prison, the special issues faced by mothers in prison, sexual abuse in prison, and mental illness. They promote the need for gender specific correctional programs and explore current prisoner litigations on behalf of female prisoners. Annotation ©2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781577662020
Publisher: Waveland Press, Inc.
Publication date: 12/01/2002
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
1Introduction1
Key Concepts and Themes for Understanding Women Offenders4
Conclusion15
Endnotes15
2The Women in Prison18
Images of Women in Prison20
Characteristics of Women in Prison23
Official Statistics and National Studies24
The Typical Woman in Prison30
Theories of Women's Criminality34
Conclusion43
Endnotes44
3Sentencing Women to Prison48
Legal Defense49
The Presentence Report50
The Legacy of Sex-based Discrimination in Sentencing51
Early Evidence of Disparate Sentencing of Women and Men54
Sentencing Reforms60
Conclusion66
Endnotes67
4Mothers in Prison71
The Idealized Concept of Motherhood72
Incarcerated Mothers75
Hidden Victims--Children77
The Prison Environment and Motherhood80
Policies and Programs Affecting Mothers in Prison82
The Courts and Mothers' Custody of Their Children85
The Prison's Response to Mothers in Prison90
Elements of Successful Mother-Child Programs97
Diversity in Families and Individuals98
Conclusion99
Endnotes100
5Incarcerated Women and the Courts104
A History of Prisoner Litigation105
Women's Involvement in Prisoner Litigation109
Litigation by Pregnant Prisoners110
Equality of Programs and Services113
The Impact of Prison Litigation on Women in Prison116
Conclusion116
Endnotes118
6Staff Sexual Misconduct in Prisons for Women120
History of Staff Sexual Misconduct toward Incarcerated Women122
Contemporary Accounts of Staff Sexual Misconduct124
International Standards and U.S. Law132
Recommended Changes in Correctional Policies and Procedures136
Conclusion138
Endnotes139
7Mental Illness, Labels, and Realities141
The Mental Health Treatment Perspective142
The Mental Health Labeling and Control Perspective149
Institutional Response to the Mental Health Needs of Women in Prison151
Conclusion158
Endnotes159
8Gender-Responsive Programs in Prison Settings162
A Brief History of Punishment and Rehabilitation in Women's Prisons163
Description and Examples of Gender-Responsive Programs166
The Case for More Gender-Responsive Programs in Prisons175
Empowerment in Prisons: An Oxymoron?182
Alternatives to Prison184
Conclusion186
Endnotes187
9The Force of Incarceration and Women's Response190
Envisioned Justice and Reform191
Living in Prison196
Conclusion199
Endnotes199
Bibliography201
Index217

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