With a focus on Philadelphia, this volume illuminates the central role of these local political and policy struggles in shaping the fortunes of city and citizen alike. In the process, it tells the remarkable story of how Philadelphia’s policymakers and community activists energetically worked to challenge deindustrialization through an innovative series of job retention initiatives, training programs, inner-city business development projects, and early affirmative action programs. Without ignoring the failure of Philadelphians to combat institutionalized racism, Guian McKee's account of their surprising success draws a portrait of American liberalism that evinces a potency not usually associated with the postwar era. Ultimately interpreting economic decline as an arena for intervention rather than a historical inevitability, The Problem of Jobs serves as a timely reminder of policy’s potential to combat injustice.
About the Author
Guian McKee is associate professor at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center of Public Affairs.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Liberals, Race, and Jobs in Postwar Philadelphia
1. Economic Crisis and Local Liberalism
2. Good Medicine for Philadelphia? Local Industrial Policy and the Problem of Jobs
3. “Economic development is but a means”: The War on Poverty and Local Economic Planning
4. “We are going to protest and prepare”: Civil Rights and the Origins of OIC
5. “All 200 million of us are going to make it”: The Rise of OIC
6. “We had to create jobs”: The OIC-Progress Movement and Community Capitalism
7. The Philadelphia Plan: Affirmative Action and the Problem of Jobs
8. “You’ll never pull it off in this city”: Model Cities, Racial Conflict, and Local Industrial Policy
Conclusion: And All the World Was Philadelphia
List of Abbreviations