The Reconquest Kings of Portugal: Political and Cultural Reorientation on the Medieval Frontier

The Reconquest Kings of Portugal: Political and Cultural Reorientation on the Medieval Frontier

by S. Lay

Paperback(1st ed. 2009)

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Between the late tenth and the mid-thirteenth centuries Portugal emerged as an independnt Kingdom with borders that have remained largely unchanged until the present day. This political development took place against the backdrop of a struggle between Christendom and the lslamic world for control over the lberian peninsula. Also decisive in the format on of Portugal was the impact across the peninsula of a growing European influence in this period. This cultural influence took the form of direct immigration, growing commercial and social networks, and the transfer of ideas and social mores, Portuguese rulers sought to mediate this European influence to their own advantage. In the twelfth century Afonso Henriques (1128-1185) was able to establish the Portuguese monarchy, but his heirs Sancho l (1185-1211), Afonso ll (1211-1223) and Sancho ll (1223-1245), found the balance between lberian reality and European expectation increasingly difficult to maintain.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781349357864
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date: 01/14/2014
Edition description: 1st ed. 2009
Pages: 332
Product dimensions: 5.51(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)

About the Author

STEPHEN LAYhas been Lecturer in History atMonash University, Melbourne, Australia, and later Executive Officer of theMonash University London Centre.He is currently Graduate Studies Assistant at the University of Oxford, and haspublished several journal articles.His essay 'The Interpretation of the Magna Charta' received the Romanzi award and was published as a monograph in 2004.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations viii

Introduction 1

1 Portuguese Society in the Eleventh Century: Conquest, Reconquest or Convivencia? 6

2 Ambition in a World of Turmoil: Count Henry (1096-1112) and Infanta Teresa (1112-1128) 37

3 The Nascent Kingdom: Consolidation and Expansion under Afonso Henriques (1128-1148) 71

4 Papal Recongnition of Portuguese Royalty (1147-1179) 103

5 Consolidation and Opportunity (1179-1211) 143

6 Shifting Priorities: Portuguese Relations with the Latin Church in the Thirteenth Century 171

7 The Science of Kingship: Institutional Innovation during the Reign of Afonso II (1211-1223) 205

8 The Final Campaign: Sancho II, Afonso III and the Completion of the Reconquest in Portugal (1223-1250) 231

Conclusion: The Reconquest Kings of Portugal 261

Appendix: Portuguese Voices 265

Figures 270

Notes 273

Bibliography 309

Index 325

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