The Sandzak: A History

The Sandzak: A History

by Kenneth Morrison, Elizabeth Roberts


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One of the few unexamined pieces of the Balkan jigsaw, the Sandzak region, straddling the border area between the now independent states of Serbia and Montenegro, is heir to a complex and contested history, characterised by foreign occupation and domestic conflict. The heartland of the first Serbian medieval kingdom, the area fell under the control of the Ottoman Turks in the late fourteenth century. But as the Ottoman Empire was rolled back during the tumultuous nineteenth century, the Sandzak, positioned at the interface between the Hapsburg and Ottoman Empires, became the focus of Great Power politics.

Divided by Serbia and Montenegro during the Balkan Wars, occupied by the Austrians during the First World War, the Sandzak was then incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918. The area was again occupied by Italian and German forces during the Second World War, during which internecine conflicts between competing domestic political forces intensified. Granted autonomous status by the communist-led Partisans in 1943, the Sandzak was again divided between Serbia and Montenegro in 1945. Yet this short period of autonomy remained a powerful symbol, and as Yugoslavia began to unravel in the 1990s, the 'Sandzak Question' re-emerged.
The Sandzak: A History attempts to demystify the enigma of this little-know part of the Balkans. Offering a detailed yet succinct analysis of its religious and ethnic dynamics, the authors chart a course through conflicting historical narratives to provide a comprehensive overview of the complex history of this contested land.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199330652
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 12/01/2013
Pages: 320
Sales rank: 660,084
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 2.20(d)

About the Author

Kenneth Morrison is a Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at De Montfort University, Leicester, and a Visiting Senior Fellow at the London School of Economics (Research on Southeast Europe—LSEE) in 2011-12. He has written extensively on the history and politics of the Balkans and is the author of Montenegro: A Modern History (IB Tauris, 2009).

Elizabeth Roberts is a former diplomat and Balkan scholar who taught Southeast European history at universities in the Republic of Ireland and the United States. She is a recognised authority on Balkan history and is the author of The Realm of the Black Mountain: A History of Montenegro (Hurst & Co., 2007).

Table of Contents

1. Early History and the Slavic Migrations
Contact with the Classical world
The arrival of the Slavs
Serbia between Bulgaria and Byzantium
2. The Rise and Fall of Medieval Ra%ska
The emergence of the Nemanjić dynasty
The rise of Ra%ska
Du%san's Empire unravels
3. The Ottoman Era Until the End of the Eighteenth Century
The Ottoman conquest
The Founding of Novi Pazar
Urbanisation and the imposition of Ottoman administration
The sixteenth century: expansion of Novi Pazar and Islamicisation
The Rise of Sarajevo
The onset of Ottoman decline
4. The Sandzak and the Ottoman-Habsburg Wars
The Great Turkish War
From the Treaty of Karlovac to the Treaty of Belgrade
The rise of the renegades
Selim III initiates the movement for reform
5. The Nineteenth Century Until the Congress of Berlin
The Bosnian revolt of Husein-kapetan Gradaščević and its impact in the Sandzak
The Tanzimat era: reform and its limitations
Peasant unrest: The Herzegovinian uprising
The Constantinople Conference and the Treaty of San Stefano
The Congress of Berlin
6. The Aftermath of the Austrian Occupation
The occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Istanbul Convention
Austrian arrival in the Sandzak
7. The Annexation Crisis and Austria's Relinquishment of the Sandzak
Fin de si cle discontent: from the unhappy 1880s to the annexation crisis
%Semsi-Pasha and the battle on the hill of Sto er
The aftermath of the Congress of Berlin and the reaction in the Sandzak
8. The Balkan and First World Wars
The Balkan Wars 1912-13
The First World War
9. The Sandzak in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The creation of a common South Slav state
The formation of Muslim political parties in the Sandzak
The 'Sporazum' and the road to war
10. Occupation, Collaboration and Resistance in the Sandzak
The emergence of quisling and resistance forces
The 13 July Uprising
ZAVNOS, the Partisans and autonomy (1943-5)
Partisan ascendancy in the Sandzak
11. The Sandzak in the Socialist Federal Republic Of Yugoslavia
The early post-war years
The 'dark vilayet'
The consolidation of Muslim nationhood
12. The Sandzak and the Disintegration of the SFRJ
The rise of nationalism in Serbia and Montenegro
The emergence of the Sandzak SDA
The referendum on autonomy
13. Tension in the Sandzak and War in Bosnia
The Pljevlja 'Pogroms'
Bosnian Serb paramilitary incursions in the Sandzak
The internationalisation of the 'Sandzak Question'
Sandzaklije in Bosnia & Herzegovina
14. The SDA Trials and Shifting Political Dynamics
The arrest and trial of SDA activists
The contradictions of political and economic life in the Serbian Sandzak
The shifting dynamics of the Bosnian War
15. Suljo and Rasim: the Personal and the Political
The emergence of the SDA split and the arrival of new political forces in the Sandzak
The return of Sulejman Ugljanin
The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia and implications for the Sandzak
16. Political and Religious Divisions after the Fall of Milošević
The Montenegrin independence referendum
The conflict within the Islamic Community
The Wahhabi challenge
The political-religious symbiosis
The 'Lost' Sandzak

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