The Secret State: A History of Intelligence and Espionage

The Secret State: A History of Intelligence and Espionage

by John Hughes-Wilson Colonel


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A ground-breaking history of intelligence—from its classical origins to the onset of the surveillance state in the digital age—that lifts the veil of secrecy from this clandestine world.

Comprehensive and authoritative, The Secret State skillfully examines the potential pitfalls of the traditional intelligence cycle; the dangerous uncertainties of spies and human intelligence; how the Cold War became an electronic intelligence war; the technical revolution that began with the use of reconnaissance photography in World War I and during the Cuban Missile Crisis; the legacy of Stalin's deliberate ignoring of vital intelligence; how signals intelligence gave America one of its greatest victories; how Wikileaks really happened; and whether 9/11 could have been avoided if America's post-Cold War intelligence agencies had adapted to the new world of international terrorism.

Authoritative and analytical, Hughes-Wilson searches for hard answers and scrutinizes why crucial intelligence is so often ignored, misunderstood, or spun by politicians and seasoned generals alike.

From yesterday's spies to tomorrow's cyber world, The Secret State is a fascinating and thought-provoking history of this ever-changing and ever-important subject.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781681776378
Publisher: Pegasus Books
Publication date: 02/13/2018
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 528
Sales rank: 375,974
Product dimensions: 5.60(w) x 8.70(h) x 1.50(d)

About the Author

Colonel John Hughes-Wilson is one of Britain’s leading military historians and lectures for a number of international, governmental, and academic organizations. Hugh-Wilson’s previous works include Military Intelligence Blunders and A Brief History of the Cold War. He lives in Cyprus.

Table of Contents

Introduction xiii

Part 1 Setting the Scene

1 A Little History 3

Part 2

2 On Intelligence 45

Part 3

3 How Intelligence Works: The Intelligence Cycle 55

4 On Direction: 'What Exactly is Your Intelligence Requirement, Minister?' 58

5 On Collection 60

Part 4 On HUMINT and Spies

6 Money: The Walker Family's Unusual Business 74

7 Ideology 81

Cambridge's Famous Five 81

Where Ideology and Ego Mix: Ana Montes 83

The One Who Got Away: Melita Norwood 87

8 Compromise/Coercion 91

John Vassall 91

Clinton and Pollard 93

Joe Cahill 99

9 Ego: Robert Hanssen 101

10 The Grievance: Penkovsky 112

11 HUMINT in action: Werther and the Battle of Kursk 116

12 On Interrogation 120

13 How Soviet HUMINT Changed the World 135

Part 5 Technology Takes Over

14 On SIGINT 139

15 The Triumph of SIGINT: Midway 148

16 On Surveillance 159

17 On Technical Intelligence 162

18 Photographic Reconnaissance 167

19 Photographic Reconnaissance in Action-The Cuban Missile Crisis 181

20 On Satellites 186

Part 6 Information into Intelligence

21 On Collation: Vietnam and Tet Offensive 201

22 On Interpretation: Yom Kippur 205

23 Telling the User: Barbarossa and Stalin 229

24 On Dissemination: Pearl Harbor 245

Part 7 On Security

25 One Who Slipped Through The Net: Aldrich Hazen Ames 274

26 The Avner Smit Case 289

27 The Inadequate - Bradley Manning 294

28 WikiLeaks and the Appalling Assange 299

29 Snowden, Security and the Surveillance State 303

30 Strategic Security: Insecure From Top to Bottom - Singapore, 1941-2 313

Part 8 On Deception

31 D-Day 341

Part 9 On Terror

32 On Terrorism 359

33 Islam and the War on Terror 373

34 The Greatest Atrocity-9/11 and the Attack on the World Trade Center 384

Part 10 On Intelligence Fiascos

35 The San Tay raid 409

36 Operation Eagle Claw 412

37 Blair's Dodgy Dossier, Iraq 2003 415

Part 11 New Horizons - New Horrors?

38 On Cyberwar: When is a War Not a War? 427

Part 12 A Dangerous Trade

39 The Secret War for ELINT 449

40 USS Pueblo 451

41 The Attack on the USS Liberty: With Friends Like This, Who Needs Enemies? 453

42 Disaster at Forward Operating Base Chapman 467

Will It Ever Get Any Better? 471

Select Bibliography 475

Glossary 489

Index 495

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