The Visual Theology of the Huguenots

The Visual Theology of the Huguenots

by Randal Carter Working

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Overview

The role of architecture within the French Reformed tradition has been of recent scholarly interest, seen in the work of Helene Guicharnaud, Catharine Randall, Andrew Spicer, and others. Few, however, have explored in depth the relationship between Reformed theology and architectural forms. This thesis explores the roots of Reformed aesthetics, set against the background of late medieval church architecture. The work of Serlio is demonstrably important in the spreading of the ideas of Vitruvius, indicating the influence of classical Roman building on French Reformed architecture. There follows an examination of five important Huguenot architects: Philibert de l'Orme, Bernard Palissy, Jacques-Androuet du Cerceau, Salomon de Brosse, and Jacques Perret. We then undergo a comparative examination of three churches: St. Pierre in Geneva, a medieval church overhauled by the Reformers; St. Gervais-St. Protais, a Parisian Catholic church whose facade was completed by the French Reformed architect Salomon de Brosse; and the temple at Charenton, a structure also designed and built by de Brosse. These three buildings reveal the contribution of Huguenot architecture, a distinct language that gave expression to Reformed theological ideas and helped bring about the renewal of classicism in France.

""Working has written a groundbreaking study on the influence of the Huguenot Reformed theology on the development of neo-classical architecture and formal gardens. He demonstrates the importance of Serlio in disseminating the classical ideas of Vitruvius, and the role of Philibert de l'Orme, Bernard Palissy, and Saloman de Brosse in using these ideas to create grand buildings and gardens that recall the delights of Eden. A major contribution to understanding the visual culture of early Calvinism.""
--William Dyrness, Professor of Theology and Culture, Fuller Theological Seminary

""Through a rich and nuanced exploration that focuses especially on Huguenot church architecture, Working insightfully points the way to a Reformed perspective that recognizes the need to promote 'holiness through space.' A seminal work!""
--Richard J. Mouw, President Emeritus, Professor of Faith and Public Life, Fuller Theological Seminary

""This rich exploration of the link between architecture and worship, helpfully illustrated with woodcuts and drawings, sets the particular contribution of the Huguenots in the context of Western Christendom as a whole. Working's insight into theologically shaped spaces holds great potential for equipping God's people for the mission of the church, and is a timely word in a time where worship spaces are often shaped by the culture of performance and entertainment.""
--James R. Edwards, Bruner-Welch Professor Emeritus of Theology, Whitworth University


Randal Working graduated from Whitworth University with a major in art. He received a Master of Fine Arts from the University of Washington, and the Master of Divinity, Doctor of Ministry, and PhD in Theology from Fuller Theological Seminary. Working serves as the pastor of Lompoc Presbyterian Church in California. He is adjunct professor for Fuller and has taught for Seattle Pacific University and Ashland Theological Seminary. He and his wife, Evelyne, have three children.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781498228497
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 02/18/2016
Pages: 214
Product dimensions: 8.90(w) x 6.00(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Randal Working graduated from Whitworth University with a major in art. He received a Master of Fine Arts from the University of Washington, and the Master of Divinity, Doctor of Ministry, and PhD in Theology from Fuller Theological Seminary. Working serves as the pastor of Lompoc Presbyterian Church in California. He is adjunct professor for Fuller and has taught for Seattle Pacific University and Ashland Theological Seminary. He and his wife, Evelyne, have three children.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Conflicting Aesthetics

Meaning of Space

Some Formative Voices

Intentionality in Architectural Expression

Part 1

Chapter 2 Iconology-Outline of a Working Methodology 31

Architecture as a Visual Medium

Word-oriented and Form-oriented Church Space

The Classic Sacramental Tradition: Origins of Spatial Arrangements in Catholic Churches

The Classic Evangelical Tradition

Developments in the Classic Evangelical Tradition

Other Contributors to the Classic Evangelical Tradition

Protestant Church Building in France and the Classic Evangelical Tradition

Chapter 3 A Catholic Conception of Space: The Visual World of the Middle Ages 53

A Catholic Way of Seeing

Processions and Relics in the Medieval City

The Catholic Use of Symbols

Memory Devices and Conceptual Space

Chapter 4 A Reformed Conception of Space: An Analysis of Spatial Sanctity in Swiss and French Reformed Churches 63

Calvin's Perspective

The Later Evolution of Calvin's Influence in France

The Communion as Sacred Space

Reformed Use of Space: Are Cemeteries Sacred?

How Did Reformed Christians Understand the Holy?

Huguenots and the Shaping of Worship Space

A Holy Place, Or a Holy People?

Part 2

Chapter 6 Vitruvius, Serlio, and the Sixteenth-Century Architectural Treatise 107

Proliferation of the Architectural Treatise

Vitruvian Prototype for the Architectural Manual

Reviving Classical Antiquity

Serlio's Appropriation of Vitruvius

Chapter 6 Protestant Architects' Use of Vitruvian Ideas 124

Philibert de I'Orme

Bernard Palissy

Jacques-Androuet du Cerceau

Salomon De Brosse

Jacques Perret

Chapter 7 The Shaping of Reformed Worship Space 155

St. Pierre

The Church of St. Gervais-St. Protais, Paris (1620)

The Second Temple of Charenton (1623)

Chapter 8 A Distinctively Reformed Voice 185

Appendix: Architectural Manuscripts or Prints Published in France, Written in French or Translated Into French (Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries) 189

Bibliography 195

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