In the monograph theoretical and methodological principles of investment activity and the history of its development have been studied; the investment climate in Ukraine has been focused on; the priority directions of modern governmental investment activities have been determined; the current trends of foreign investments in Ukraine and their interrelations with innovation activity have been analyzed. The concrete proposals for improving the investment climate and the main directions of investment strategy formation in Ukraine have been presented. The role of the state in the investment activity as well as feasibility of state investment policy formation have been determined. The essence and principles of the investment strategy have been investigated. The main tasks of the investment strategy formation have been defined, also promising directions of the investment strategy in Ukraine have been outlined.