They Had a Dream: The Struggles of Four of the Most Influential Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, from Frederick Douglass to Marcus Garvey to Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

They Had a Dream: The Struggles of Four of the Most Influential Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, from Frederick Douglass to Marcus Garvey to Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

by Jules Archer

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Overview

The majority of the civil rights movement in the United States occurred in three stages. The first stage began with the slaves in America fighting for their freedom. Frederick Douglass was a key player from the very beginning. Born a slave, Douglass escaped and went on to become one of the most respected abolitionist leaders.

After the Civil War, freed slaves fought to overcome the still-prevailing prejudice and persecution. During this phase, Marcus Garvey led the Back to Africa movement, promoting Black Nationalism and black pride among the newly freed people.

And in the 1960s, a strong civil rights movement branched in two different directions. The first was headed by Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., who organized a powerful nonviolent civil disobedience movement to win equal rights through integration. Following a very different path, Malcolm X sought equal rights for blacks through violent confrontation and racial separation.

Together, these four men shaped the American civil rights movement. Racism is still a very relevant problem in our country today, and to better understand where we are now and how to make progress in the future, we must first understand where we’ve come from.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781634508988
Publisher: Sky Pony
Publication date: 01/26/2016
Series: Jules Archer History for Young Readers Series
Sold by: SIMON & SCHUSTER
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 32,485
Lexile: 1150L (what's this?)
File size: 6 MB
Age Range: 12 - 18 Years

About the Author

Jules Archer was one of the most respected names in nonfiction for young people. During his lifetime he published more than seventy books, which have been translated into twelve languages throughout the world. He lived in Scotts Valley, California, until his death in 2008.

Table of Contents

Introduction xi

The History of the Black Struggle in America 1

Frederick Douglas 37

Marcus Garvey 81

Martin Luther King Jr. 119

Malcolm X 179

The Black Struggle More Recently 217

Bibliography and Suggested Further Reading 245

About the Author 249

Index 251

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